In this course, students will learn to use motors, relays, microcontrollers, and electronic components to design and build computer-controlled devices, small robots, and interactive gizmos increasingly employed in projects by artists, designers, and scientists. The primary tool will be the Arduino open source microcontroller environment. Developed for use by designers, artists, and hobbyists, the Arduino environment provides a wide array of options for implementing automation and interaction between a physical device and its environment. It is used in applications ranging from interactive installation art to smart home technologies and hardware control in scientific applications. The course will combine laboratory exercises, homework assignments, individual and group project work, and a culminating public presentation. No prerequisite.

As an introduction to the geosciences designed for all students, this course surveys a wide range of physical geology topics. Our initial coverage of minerals and rocks, the basic building blocks of the world around us, includes discussions of the environments in which they form and the major processes operating in these environments. Hands-on exercises are designed to aid in the identification of these basic components of the Earth and to teach students how to recognize clues to their formation. Students will use this knowledge in a series of self-guided on-campus "field trips." Our coverage of plate tectonics includes discussions of the major evidence in support of this grand unifying theory of geology, including seismicity and earthquakes, volcanism and plutonic activity, orogenesis and structural geology, and geomagnetism and paleogeographic reconstruction. We will establish these ideas in a global context and apply them to the geologic history of the North American continent. Requirements include laboratory exercises, on-campus field trips, at least one off-campus field trip, and small group projects. No prerequisite.

Around us we see a vast, expanding universe of galaxies. The galaxies are composed of stars around some of which orbit planets. At least one of these planets in the universe is inhabited by an astoundingly complex set of living things. Where did all this come from? This course presents an overview of the formation and evolution of the universe, the solar system, planet Earth, and life on our planet. Lectures and readings will be supplemented by astronomical observations, computer simulations, and laboratory experiments (at times to be arranged.) No prerequisite.

The goal of this seminar is to explore a specific topic in physics that is of current significance as well as challenging to first-year students. Generally, the topics will vary from year to year; in the past, the seminar has explored topics such as material science, nanoscience, astrophysics, particle physics, biological physics, and gravitation. In addition to introducing the fundamental physics related to these topics, the course will expose students to recent developments, as the topics are often closely related to the research area of faculty teaching the seminar. The seminar meets one evening a week for lectures, discussions, laboratory experiments, and computer exercises. This course fulfills the concurrent laboratory requirement of PHYS 140 and serves as a solid preparation for PHYS 146. Prerequisite: Open only to first-year students who are concurrently enrolled in or have placed out of PHYS 140. Offered every fall semester.

This course is the first course in a one-year introductory physics sequence. Topics include Newtonian mechanics, work and energy, wave phenomena, fluids, and thermodynamics. When possible, examples will relate to life-science contexts. The course will be taught using a combination of lectures, in-class exercises, homework assignments, and examinations. A knowledge of calculus is not required. Prerequisite: high school algebra and trigonometry. Corequisite: PHYS 141. Offered every fall semester.

This lecture course is the first in a three-semester, calculus-based introduction to physics. Topics include the kinematics and dynamics of particles and solid objects, work and energy, linear and angular momentum, and gravitational, electrostatic, and magnetic forces. PHYS 140, 145, and 240 are recommended for students who may major in physics, and are also appropriate for students majoring in other sciences and mathematics. The course will be taught using a combination of lectures, in-class exercises, homework assignments, and examinations. Corequisite: PHYS 110 (first-year students) or PHYS 141 (upperclass students) and prereq/coreq MATH 111 or equivalent or permission of department chair. While calculus is a corequisite, we will develop the necessary mathematical tools in our lectures as well. Open only to first-year and sophomore students. Offered every fall semester.

This laboratory course meets one afternoon each week and is organized around weekly experiments that demonstrate the phenomena of classical mechanics, including projectile motion, rotation, electrical circuits and fields, and conservation of energy and momentum. Lectures cover the theory and instrumentation required to understand each experiment. Experimental techniques emphasize computerized acquisition and analysis of video images to study motion. Students are introduced to computer-assisted graphical and statistical analysis of data as well as the analysis of experimental uncertainty. Corequisite: PHYS 130 or 140. Offered every fall semester.

This laboratory course meets one afternoon each week and is organized around weekly experiments that demonstrate the phenomena of classical mechanics, including projectile motion, rotation, electrical circuits and fields, and conservation of energy and momentum. Lectures cover the theory and instrumentation required to understand each experiment. Experimental techniques emphasize computerized acquisition and analysis of video images to study motion. Students are introduced to computer-assisted graphical and statistical analysis of data as well as the analysis of experimental uncertainty. Corequisite: PHYS 130 or 140. Offered every fall semester.

This laboratory course meets one afternoon each week and is organized around weekly experiments that demonstrate the phenomena of classical mechanics, including projectile motion, rotation, electrical circuits and fields, and conservation of energy and momentum. Lectures cover the theory and instrumentation required to understand each experiment. Experimental techniques emphasize computerized acquisition and analysis of video images to study motion. Students are introduced to computer-assisted graphical and statistical analysis of data as well as the analysis of experimental uncertainty. Corequisite: PHYS 130 or 140. Offered every fall semester.

This lecture course is the third semester of the calculus-based introductory sequence in physics, which begins with PHYS 140 and PHYS 145. Topics covered include electric charge, electric and magnetic fields, electrostatic potentials, Ampere's law, electromagnetic induction, Maxwell's equations in integral form, electromagnetic waves, the postulates of the special theory of relativity, relativistic kinematics and dynamics, and the connections between special relativity and electromagnetism. This course may be an appropriate first course for particularly strong students with advanced placement in physics; such students must be interviewed by and obtain permission from the chair of the Physics Department. Prerequisite: PHYS 140 and 110 or 141 or equivalent. Corequisite: PHYS 241 and MATH 213 or equivalent or permission of department chair. Offered every fall semester.

This lecture and laboratory course is required for all students enrolled in PHYS 240. The course is organized around experiments demonstrating various phenomena associated with electric and magnetic fields. Lectures cover the theory and instrumentation required to understand each experiment. Laboratory work emphasizes computerized acquisition and analysis of data, the use of a wide variety of modern instrumentation, and the analysis of experimental uncertainty. Prerequisite: PHYS 140 and 110 or 141 or equivalent. Corequisite: PHYS 240. Offered every fall semester.

This lecture course begins by revisiting most of the Newtonian mechanics learned in introductory physics courses but with added mathematical sophistication. A major part of the course will be spent in understanding an alternate description to that of the Newtonian picture: the Lagrange-Hamilton formulation. The course will also cover the topics of motion in a central field, classical scattering theory, motion in non-inertial reference frames, and dynamics of rigid body rotations. Prerequisite: PHYS 245 and MATH 213. Offered every other year.

This course presents an introduction to theoretical quantum mechanics. Topics to be covered include wave mechanics, the Schrodinger equation, angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, and spin. Prerequisite: PHYS 245 and MATH 213. Offered every other year.

This course will build upon the foundation developed in PHYS 240 and 241 for measuring and analyzing electrical signals in DC and AC circuits, introducing you to many of the tools and techniques of modern electronics. Familiarity with this array of practical tools will prepare you well for engaging in undergraduate research opportunities as well as laboratory work in graduate school or industry settings. You will learn to use oscilloscopes, meters, LabVIEW, and various other tools to design and characterize simple analog and digital electronic circuits. The project-based approach used in this and associated courses (PHYS 381, PHYS 382) fosters independence and creativity, while the hands-on nature of the labs and projects will help you build practical experimental skills including schematic and data sheet reading, soldering, interfacing circuits with measurement or control instruments, and troubleshooting problems with components, wiring, and measurement devices. In each electronics course, you will practice documenting your work thoroughly, by tracking your work in your lab notebook with written records, diagrams, schematics, data tables, graphs, and program listings. You will also engage in directed analysis of the theoretical operation of components and circuits through lab notebook explanations, worksheets, and occasional problem sets, and in each course you may be asked to research and present to the class a related application of the principles you learn during your investigations. This course is required as part of the one unit of upper-level experimental physics coursework to complete the major in physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 240. This course is offered once a year and runs the first half of the semester only.

In this course, you will explore circuit design and analysis for active and passive analog circuit elements, from the physics of the components (semiconductor diodes, transistors) to the behavior of multi-stage circuits. Experiments will explore transistors, amplifiers, amplifier design, and frequency-sensitive feedback networks. Prerequisite: PHYS 380 (may be taken in the same semester). This course is offered in alternate years and runs the second half of the semester only.